Vijai R. Subramaniyam
Who is God? God is He who has transcended all that is
seen by us. If transcending this world, is there no
relation between Him and this world? Not a particle
here is unrelated to Him. Then what is meant by transcending
the world? The world comprises us and the objects seen
by us. In other words, the animate and inanimate together
form the world. What shall we say of Him who created
the beings and things? Of these two, we say the conscious
beings to be superior. All that we can apprehend is
that He belongs to the highest order of beings known
to us. Our intellect cannot proceed further. Thus, our
Creator is superior to us; He cannot be apprehended
by our intellect; therefore His Name, Transcended Being,
"Kadawul," means that He surpasses our intellect. Hence
His Name is "Kadawul" - Transcended Being.
Can God then not be made known to us? Not quite so.
In a way, He is known to us. This much of His Grace
is enough for us. We have no need for all His Greatness.
He has made known so much of His Greatness as will suffice
to eradicate our misery. There is no reason for Him
to reveal a jot more of His Power than is necessary
to remedy our defects in the present state. Thus He
is known according to our needs. Nay, He is in our grasp.
However limitless, He is within reach of our knowledge
to some extent.
What is it which brings Him within reach of our knowledge?
That He is known as Being-Consciousness-Bliss.
denotes that which is imperishable, that which exists
forever. Should He become nonexistent at any time, who
is His Destroyer? Who created Him? Since the perishable
nature of all leads to the inference that they are lorded
over by One who is imperishable, this immortal Overlord
is God. His imperishable nature is Being (Sat).
what is Consciousness (Chit)? By Consciousness we mean
knowledge. This is absolute Knowledge, and not like
our erring intellectual knowledge. Irregularity or mistake
cannot stain its actions. It is Knowledge, pure and
simple. Frequently He teaches us saying, "Your knowledge
is irregular and erring." How orderly are even the insentient
objects of His creation! It is known to many how an
atheist was taught a good lesson when he derided the
scheme of things saying, "Why did He make the seed so
small for the banyan tree which is so big?" That an
insentient thing is found in good order and later becomes
useful, implies a conscious agency at work. Can a simple,
insentient thing do something which is possible for
unfailing knowledge only? Or, can't it be done by our
inadequate knowledge? No, it can never be. Therefore
God is said to be Consciousness (Chit) also.
what is Bliss? It is the state of being free from desire
for anything. It is Peace which is ever full. Were He
to desire anything, how could He be better than ourselves?
How could we gain Bliss from Him? He Himself would require
another being to fulfil His desires. But who would think
Him to be so? The state of self-contentment is that
of Bliss also. Therefore He is called Bliss (Ananda).
three-Being, Consciousness and Bliss-are inseparable;
otherwise, they would become naught individually. Hence,
He is known as Being-Consciousness-Bliss (Satchitananda).
Thus God remains not only transcendent but also falls
within the reach of our knowledge as Being-Consciousness-Bliss.
He who has gained the fourth state and sees all as one,
only he knows God truly as Being-Consciousness-Bliss.
Words cannot express nor the ears hear how such a one
is united with God; it is a matter of realization. But
there are ways and means for such realization. They
can be spoken of, learned and acted upon.
He who can be realized thus, is God. He has no name;
we give Him a name. He has no form; we give Him a form.
Where is the harm in doing so? What name is not His,
or what form is not His? Where is the sound or form
in which He is not? Therefore, in the absence of true
knowledge of Him you can name Him as you please or imagine
Him as of any form so to remember Him. Your hope for
His Grace without any effort on your part is utterly
fruitless. Should it be possible to have His Grace without
any effort on your side, all would be alike; there would
be no reason for any difference. He has shown us the
ways and means. Make effort, reach the goal, be happy.
Your idleness and selfishness make you expect His Grace
without your effort. The rule for all is for you too.
Do not relax your efforts. God can be realized by your
There is an effort which excels all others. This may,
however, appear to be less effective than devotion to
God with name and form. Nevertheless, this is the more
efficient. It is simply the love which you extend to
all beings, whether good or bad. In the absence of such
love to all, your devotion to God amounts to a mere
parody. Of what use are you to God? That you seek fulfilment
of your desires from God without doing your duty towards
the needy in the world must be attributed to your selfishness.
In God's presence, there is no use for such. The workings
that take place in His presence are all unselfish. Therefore,
think that all the Centers are His and He is in all
the Centers and thus be devoted to Him. God is truly
bound by such high devotion.
As you go on ascribing names and forms to God and showing
love to all because you have understood all names and
forms to be His, your mind will gradually mature. Just
as the taste improves with the ripening of a fruit,
so also you will recognize the waxing of good and the
waning of evil in you. As your mind matures, there will
come a time when you should meet your Master. This is
not to say that you go in search of him or he comes
in search of you. At the right time the meeting will
happen. All are moving in their own ways. Your fitness
brings you together, makes you trust him, makes him
teach you the right way, also makes you follow the his
instructions. That is the straight way to reach God,
which is to gain the fourth state. You will follow the
way and reach your goal which is Being-Consciousness-Bliss,
which is God.
The way shown by the Master is final, straight and making
for unity. It is well-tried, natural, and free from
pain. When you are following the way shown by the master,
doubts will not arise; there will be no fear. Are not
fear and doubt the characteristics of the ways of darkness?
How can they meet you in the way of Truth shown by the
Master? In this manner, the way will itself speak to
you and say that it is the right one. In that way, there
will be nothing more for you to do but to meet your
Master and learn from him. That way will be familiar
to you, as the Master and God have made it so. Before
you, he had treaded the way. He has shown you the way
and you are following him. To how many will you show
the same way? And how many more will follow the same
way later? Obviously fear and doubt have no place in
the way of truth. When once you have taken a step forward
you will step back. The master's help is only for the
first step forward. You need not do anything for your
master in order to have the way shown to you. Know him
to be the messenger of God sent down to disclose the
way to the fit who have become ripe by their own efforts
in either or both the directions mentioned earlier.
It is God who sends this godly messenger just when you
Practice with faith in the period of ignorance is called
Bhakti; the same, with knowledge, is called Jnana. Of
the two divisions of Bhakti, the one is devotion to
God with name and form, and the other is karma which
is love for all. Of the two divisions of Jnana, the
practice of the true way shown by the Master is called
yoga and the resulting state is called Jnana. It is
natural for all to believe in something which is not
seen and then to find it. Those who do not believe can
never find. Therefore, the believers will gain something
sometime or other and the unbelievers never gain anything.
You can believe even for the simple reason that faith
in God is not harmful. Thereby you can share the good
effects. This world is meant only for creating faith
in you. This is the purpose of creation. Have faith
and you can reach God.
Though you may not believe all that is said of God,
believe at least "There is God." This seed is very potent
in its growth. It is so mighty as to negate all else
and fill all by itself. It is so almighty that you will
not see anything besides God, not even yourself. Truly,
God is all.
page was published on May 20, 2000.