'There is that ancient tree, whose roots grow upward
and whose branches grow downward;-that indeed is called
the Bright, that is called Brahman, that alone is called
the Immortal . All worlds are contained in it, and no
one goes beyond. This is that.'
'Whatever there is, the whole world, when gone forth
(from the Brahman), trembles in its breath. That Brahman
is a great terror, like a drawn sword. Those who know
it become immortal.'
'From terror of Brahman fire burns, from terror the
sun burns, from terror Indra and Vayu, and Death, as
the fifth, run away.'
'If a man could not understand it before the falling
asunder of his body, then he has to take body again
in the worlds of creation.'
'As in a mirror, so (Brahman may be seen clearly) here
in this body; as in a dream, in the world of the Fathers;
as in the water, he is seen about in the world of the
Gandharvas; as in light and shade, in the world of Brahma.'
'Having understood that the senses are distinct (from
the Atman), and that their rising and setting (their
waking and sleeping) belongs to them in their distinct
existence (and not to the Atman), a wise man grieves
'Beyond the senses is the mind, beyond the mind is the
highest (created) Being, higher than that Being is the
Great Self, higher than the Great, the highest Undeveloped.'
'Beyond the Undeveloped is the Person, the all-pervading
and entirely imperceptible. Every creature that knows
him is liberated, and obtains immortality.'
'His form is not to be seen, no one beholds him with
the eye. He is imagined by the heart, by wisdom, by
the mind. Those who know this, are immortal.'
'When the five instruments of knowledge stand still
together with the mind, and when the intellect does
not move, that is called the highest state.'
'This, the firm holding back of the senses, is what
is called Yoga. He must be free from thoughtlessness
then, for Yoga comes and goes.'
'He (the Self) cannot be reached by speech, by mind,
or by the eye. How can it be apprehended except by him
who says: "He is?"'
'By the words "He is," is he to be apprehended,
and by (admitting) the reality of both (the invisible
Brahman and the visible world, as coming from Brahman).
When he has been apprehended by the words "He is,"
then his reality reveals itself.'
'When all desires that dwell in his heart cease, then
the mortal becomes immortal, and obtains Brahman.'
'When all the ties of the heart are severed here on
earth, then the mortal becomes immortal here ends the
'There are a hundred and one arteries of the heart,
one of them penetrates the crown of the head. Moving
upwards by it, a man (at his death) reaches the Immortal;
the other arteries serve for departing in different
'The Person not larger than a thumb, the inner Self,
is always settled in the heart of men. Let a man draw
that Self forth from his body with steadiness, as one
draws the pith from a reed. Let him know that Self as
the Bright, as the Immortal; yes, as the Bright, as
Having received this knowledge taught by Death and the
whole rule of Yoga (meditation), Nakiketa became free
from passion and death, and obtained Brahman. Thus it
will be with another also who knows thus what relates
to the Self.
May He protect us both! May He enjoy us both! May we
acquire strength together! May our knowledge become
bright! May we never quarre1! Om! Peace! peace! peace!